GELECEK İÇİN/YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ

Sevgili değer yatırımcısı dostlar, dünya genelinde enerji konjektörü, yenilenebilir enerji tarafına geçişi hızlı bir şekilde tamamlamak için çok ciddi yatırımlar yapmaya devam ediyor. Dünya geleceği için fosil yakıtları ciddi bir tehdit olarak gören ülkeler,enerji üretimi için alternatif çözümler arasında 0 karbon sloganı ile yenilenebilir enerjiye ye yönelmeye başladılar. Şirketler bu yönde devasa bütçeli yatırımlar yaparak kendilerini geleceğe hazırlamak için adeta birbirleri ile yarışa girmeye başladı.

Dünya Geleceği

bizlerde şimdiden bu alanda faliyet gösteren şirketleri iyi bir şekilde analiz ederek,yatırımlarımızı bu alanda ufaktan da olsa yapsak,bizlerin geleceği için mantıklı bir adım olacaktır.

Nedir bu yenilenebilir enerji

Yenilenebilir enerji kaynakları arasında, hidro, jeotermal, güneş, rüzgâr, odun, bitki artıkları, biyokütle ve gel-git bulunuyor.

IEA’nın Küresel Enerji 2021 raporuna göre, 2020’de küresel elektrik talebindeki düşüşle birlikte rüzgâr ve güneş enerjisinin öncülüğünde yenilenebilir enerji rekor düzeyde büyüdü.

Dünya gözünde

Paris İklim Anlaşması hedefleri doğrultusunda 2050 yılına kadar hava sıcaklık artışının 1,5 derece ile sınırlandırılması hedefleniyor. Bu amaç doğrultusunda Avrupa Birliği (AB), 2030 yılında emisyon salınımını azaltma hedefini yüzde 55’e çıkardı. AB, 2030 yılına kadar ortalama yüzde 32 oranda yenilebilir enerji kullanmayı ve 2050 yılına kadar karbon-nötr olmayı amaçlıyor. Elbette şirketlerin kendi inisiyatifleriyle temiz enerjiye geçmeleri, karbon salınımının azaltılmasına önemli katkı sağlayabilir ki bu da çeşitli politikalarla destekleniyor.

Dünyada ise yenilenebilir enerjide kurulu güç, geçen yıl 260 gigavat artarak toplam 2 bin 799 gigavata yükseldi.

Uluslararası Yenilenebilir Enerji Ajansı’nın (IRENA) “Yenilenebilir Kapasitesi 2021 İstatistikleri” raporuna göre, dünya genelinde yenilenebilir enerji kapasitesinde 2019’a göre 2020’deki artış yüzde 50 daha fazla oldu. Yeşil gücün yaklaşık yüzde 91’i rüzgâr ve güneş yatırımlarından geldi. Bu dönemde, güneş enerjisinde 127 gigavat, rüzgâr enerjisinde ise 111 gigavat kurulu güç devreye alındı. IRENA’nın verilerine göre, 2050 yılına kadar yenilenebilir enerji kaynakları küresel enerji ihtiyacının yüzde 86’sını karşılayacak. Bu son derece iddialı ancak Dünya’nın geleceği için ulaşılması gerekli bir hedef.

Güneş panelleri

En çok kullanılan güneş enerjisi

Güneş enerjisinin gezegenimizin birincil enerji kaynağı olduğu düşünülürse, bu enerji türüne yatırım şaşırtıcı olmaz. Güneş enerjisi kullanımının ileriki yıllarda gözle görülür bir oranda artması beklentisi de. Dünyada güneş enerjisi şebeke bağlantılı sistemlerin ülkelere dağılımına bakıldığında, Çin 78 GW’yi aşan kurulu gücü ile lider. Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti’ni sırasıyla ABD, Japonya, Almanya takip ediyor. Türkiye son veriler ışığında 15. sırada yer alıyor

ÜLKELERE GÖRE DÜNYADA GÜNEŞ ENERJİ SANTRALİ KURULU GÜCÜ LİSTESİ

1 Çin Aralık 2020 254.355

2 ABD Aralık 2020 75.572

3 Japonya Aralık 2020 67.000

4 Almanya Aralık 2020 53.783

5 Hindistan Aralık 2020 39.211

6 İtalya Aralık 2020 21.600

7 Avusturalya Aralık 2020 17.627

8 Vietnam Aralık 2020 16.504

9 Güney Kore Aralık 2020 14.575

10 İspanya Aralık 2020 14.089

11 Birleşik Krallık Aralık 2020 13.563

12 Fransa Aralık 2020 11.733

13 Hollanda Aralık 2020 10.213

14 Brezilya Aralık 2020 7.881

15 Türkiye Mayıs 2021 7.065

TÜRKİYE

Türkiye

Türkiye’de kaynak bazında elektrik üretimine bakıldığında kömürün payı yüzde 34, doğalgaz ve petrolün payı yüzde 23, hidrolik, biyoenerji ve diğer yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarının payı yüzde 31, rüzgâr ve güneş enerjisinin payı ise yüzde 12. Bu tabloda yenilebilir enerji kaynaklarının Türkiye’deki elektrik üretimindeki payının giderek arttığı ortaya çıktı. 2020’de Türkiye’de üretilen toplam elektriğin yüzde 43’ünü yenilenebilir enerji kaynakları oluşturdu.

Son yıllarda Türkiye’de enerji üretimindeki değişim

Uzmanlara göre Türkiye, yenilenebilir enerji kaynakları yönünden dünyanın şanslı bölgelerinden birinde yer alıyor. 2021 Küresel Elektrik Raporu’na göre, kömürden elektrik üretimi iki yıldır düşüşte. Uzmanlar iki yıldır süregelen elektrik talebindeki durgunluk ile rüzgâr ve güneş enerjisi üretimindeki artışın, kömürü geri plana düşürdüğünü belirtiyor. Rapora göre, bu 7 TWh azalmanın esas nedeni, elektrik talebindeki büyümenin son iki yılda geçici bir duraklama dönemine girmiş olması. Ayrıca 2020’de doğalgazdan elektrik üretiminde yaşanan artış da kömürden üretimin daha geri planda kalmasına neden oldu. Rapora göre, Türkiye’deki son beş yıllık değişimler şöyle: • Yenilenebilir enerji 2015 yılında elektrik üretiminin yalnızca üçte birini oluştururken 2020 yılında yaklaşık yarısını (yüzde 43) oluşturdu. • 2015’ten bugüne rüzgâr ve güneşin payı toplam enerji üretimindeki payını üçe katladı. • Rüzgâr ve güneş enerjisi, 2020’de Türkiye’deki üretimin yüzde 12’sini oluşturdu. • Dünyada rüzgâr ve güneş enerjisinin üretim payı, son beş yılda iki katına çıkarken Türkiye’de yaklaşık yüzde 4’ten, yüzde 12’ye yükselerek üç kat artış elde edildi. Dünya ortalaması ise yüzde 9.4. Türkiye bu artış ile dünya ortalamasının da üzerinde bir performans sergiledi ve ABD’yi dahi geride bıraktı. • Rüzgâr ve güneş enerjisi, son beş yılda toplam üretimdeki paylarını yüzde 4’ten yüzde 12’ye (+23 TWh) çıkardı. • Hidroelektrik, Türkiye’de başlıca yenilenebilir elektrik kaynağı olmayı sürdürüyor ancak üretimdeki payı 2020 yılında, 2015 yılındaki oran (yüzde 26) ile aynı olarak kaydedildi. • Elektrik üretiminde doğalgazın payı, son beş yıl içinde yüzde 37’den yüzde 23’e düştü. • Kömürden elektrik üretimi 2015 yılından bu yana yüzde 39 (+28 TWh) büyüme gösterdi. 2020 yılında ise yüzde 6 oranında düştü.

Kaynak

http://www.corpussigorta.com.tr

Son olarak diyeceklerim, geç kalmadan yatırımlarımızı bu alanda da değerlendirmeye başlasak,geleceğimiz için çok önemli bir adım olacaktır.

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